Experiences of Migration within the U.S.
Baker, Joe Ann
Summary: Joe Ann Baker grew up a small town in Eastman Georgia where she did not notice prejudices (white doll). But life was quite different when she moved north. After moving north she encountered racism and white flight in Michigan. She also discusses the Highland Park riots and the mayor at that time Colman A. Young.
Summary: LaDonna Byrd is a single mother of five children living in Detroit, MI. This interview recounts her younger years living in Detroit and the difficulty of dealing with the early loss of her parents. Also, how moving back to Detroit, Michigan from a safer Burlington, Vermont has changed her life.
Foote, Sandra A.
Summary: Marygrove College student Crystal Avant interviews her mother, Sandra Foote, about her experiences moving to Detroit. Sandra Foote grew up in New Orleans and lived a sheltered life with a close-knit Creole community. Foote did not feel much racial prejudice until she moved to Detroit. Foote moved to Detroit with her mother when she was five years old.
Summary: Marygrove College student Danielle Washington interviews her great-grandmother, Daisy Gary, about her experiences moving to Detroit. Daisy Gary was born in Arkansas, later moved to Houston, Texas, and finally arrived in Detroit in 1945. Gary then details her life since the migration.
Summary: Marygrove College student LeAndre Johnson interviews his father, Andrew Johnson, about his experiences moving to Detroit. Andrew Johnson came to Detroit in 1962 with his mother and siblings. Johnson's mother came to Detroit looking for work. Johnson talks about racism in the South and in Detroit and his perceived differences between the Black Panther party and Dr. Martin Luther King's approach.
Summary: Herbie Kirn grew up in a small town as a homosexual male. As Herbie grew older he joined a band, and traveled around the country with the band. He later joined the Church of Scientology where he met his wife Lorrie Kirn. The couple stayed married for while and had 2 children. Herbie eventually divorced Lorrie, because he was still a homosexual male.
Summary: Mildred Matlock speaks about her mother, Myrtle Lois Gilford, and her mother's move to Detroit. Myrtle Gilford came to Detroit from Beloit, Alabama in search of better job opportunities and a better life. Mildred Matlock is a member of the Detroit Association of Black Storytellers (DABS). The speech was given during the "History Telling Concert" at Marygrove College on May 7, 2006.
Summary: Sam Moore was born April 1, 1932. He was raised in a small town outside of Texarkana, TX. In this interview, Sam Moore revisits living in poverty during his childhood which led to his migration to Detroit. He also recounts living in poverty in Detroit as a result of migrating to the region during “the turn over” (when automotive plants lay workers off for two weeks).
Summary: Earnest Stamps, a retired pharmacist, details his migration from Atlanta to Detroit and the opportunities presented by the move north. Stamps also speaks about his life once he arrived in Detroit. He speaks about the hard times for his family, going into foster care, and the Marcus Garvey Movement. The interview was conducted on April 28, 2006 by Marygrove professor Dena Scher.
Summary: Marie Teasley was born on October 1, 1926. She grew up in Hannibal, Missouri. In this interview Marie recalls memories of her mother who immigrated from St. George's, Bermuda, and her father who migrated from Hannibal to Ann Arbor, Michigan and then to the Detroit area. Marie speaks fondly of growing up in Hannibal. She recounts the story of her father owning the Hannibal Registrar, the only African American newspaper in town. Marie describes how the family transitioned the business from Hannibal to the Detroit area. At the age of 9 she was dubbed "reporter" for the Registrar by her father, inspiring a life-long career in journalism that culminated in her position as Women's Editor for the Michigan Chronicle.
Summary: Laretta Torrence is interviewed by Marygrove College student Stanley Keyes about her experiences growing up and going to school in Detroit. She was born in 1930 in Black Bottom where blacks and whites lived and played together in shared poverty. When her family moved to a better house in southwest Detroit in 1948 she observed white flight but not much racial tension. Laretta recalls listening to the radio, dancing at the Greystone Ballroom, and visiting Belle Isle for entertainment. She married at age 19 and had two sons who also grew up and went to school in Detroit.
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